Research Sources

Ann Arbor District Library. (n.d.). Dr. Miles’ restorative nervine. Dr. Miles’ Restorative Nervine | Ann Arbor District Library. 

Anstie, Francis E. 1870. “On the Uses of Wines in Health and Disease.” Pp. 237-256 in Drugs, Alcohol and Addiction in the Long Nineteenth Century, Vol. 1, Drunks, Fiends, and the Roots of Concern, edited by Dan Malleck. New York, New York: Routledge. 

Artifact of the week: Consumption medicine bottle. San Diego Archaeological Center. n.d.,for%20people%20with%20lung%20disease. 

Bahnemann, Greta. n.d.. Quack cures and self-remedies: Patent medicine. Made in Minnesota: Patent Medicine on the Prairie | DPLA. 

Busch, J. 1987. “Second Time around: A Look at Bottle Reuse”. Historical Archaeology, 21(1), 67–80.

Bay Bottles Mike’s Glass Bottle Collection and their History. Bay Bottles. 2023. 

Crane, B. D. 2000. Filth, Garbage, and Rubbish: Refuse Disposal, Sanitary Reform, and Nineteenth-Century Yard Deposits in Washington, D. C. Historical Archaeology, 34(1), 20–38.

Dr. King’s new discovery for consumption. National Museum of American History. (n.d.-a). 

Dr. W. B. Caldwell’s syrup pepsin. National Museum of American History. (n.d.). 

Fellman, Anita Clair, and Michael Fellman. 2016. Making Sense of Self : Medical Advice Literature in Late Nineteenth-Century America. University of Pennsylvania Press.,ip,uid&db=cat00309a&AN=trinity.b3976630&site=eds-live

Mark Allan Goldberg. 2016. Conquering Sickness : Race, Health, and Colonization in the Texas Borderlands. University of Nebraska Press.

Griffin, Jessica D. “Old Main Artifacts.” Old Main Artifacts.

Smithsonian Institution. n.d.. Hicks capudine liquid. 

“J.R. Watkins: Natural Personal Care.” The J.R. Watkins Co. Accessed November 27, 2023. 

Kelly, R. E., & Ward, A. E. 1972. Lessons from the Zeyouma Trading Post near Flagstaff, Arizona. Historical Archaeology, 6, 65–76.

Kirkpatrick, A. 2022. “As Great a Nuisance as the Garbage Itself”: Race, Power, and the Question of Waste Management in Portland, Oregon, 1871-1905. Oregon Historical Quarterly, 123(4), 358–389.

 Koerber, Amy. 2018. From Hysteria to Hormones : A Rhetorical History. RSA STR: The RSA Series in Transdisciplinary Rhetoric. University Park, Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press.,ip,uid&db=nlebk&AN=1798337&site=eds-live

Lorrain, D. 1968. An Archaeologist’s Guide to Nineteenth Century American Glass. Historical Archaeology 2: 35–44.

Lifson, A. 2021. Dr. Kilmer’s curious cure-all. The National Endowment for the Humanities. 

Lugassy, D. M., & Nelson, L. S. 2009. Case Files of the Medical Toxicology Fellowship at the New York City Poison Control: Bromism: Forgotten, but Not Gone. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 5(3), 151–157. 

Lupu, Jennifer A. 2022. “‘Cures after Doctors Fail’: Marketing Pain Relief in 1900s Washington, D.C.” Historical Archaeology 56 (4): 703–21. 

Martin, Scott C. 2010. “‘He Is an Excellent Doctor If Called When Sober’: Temperance, Physicians and the American Middle Class, 1800-1860.” Social History of Alcohol & Drugs: An Interdisciplinary Journal 24 (1): 20–36. 

Morantz, Regina Markell. 1977. “Making Women Modern: Middle Class Women and Health Reform in 19th Century America.” Journal of Social History 10, no. 4: 490–507.

Nkansah, P., & Anaes, D. 2013. A History of Patient Comfort (Part III): Comfortably Numb. Oral Healh Journal, 4, 23-25.

“Needle.” National Museum of American History. Accessed November 27, 2023. 

Old Main Artifacts. 2015. Dr. Miles Restorative Nervine, Elkhart, in. Old Main Artifacts.

Oswald, L.R. 1896. “The Use of Sedatives and Hypnotics in the Treatment of Insanity.” The British Medical Journal 2, no. 1865: 807-808. 

 Platts, M., & Smith, I. W. G. 2018. Measuring use-wear on glass vessels to understand their reuse : a case study from 19th-century Christchurch, New Zealand. Australasian Historical Archaeology, 36, 77–85.

Peritz, R. J. R. 2007. ‘Nervine’ and Knavery: The Life and Times of Dr. Miles Medical Company. FTC.Gov. 

REPORTS TO THE READER. 1950. Food, Drug, Cosmetic Law Journal, 5(9), 723–800.

Schönfelder, Sigrid. 2023. Gold Fever and Women. [Electronic Resource] : Transformations in Lives, Health Care and Medicine in the 19th Century American West. American Culture Studies. transcript.,ip,uid&db=cat00309a&AN=trinity.b4244594&site=eds-live.

Schroeder-Lein, Glenna R. 2008. The Encyclopedia of Civil War Medicine. Armonk, N.Y.: Routledge. 

SHAPIRO, H. A. 1953. Health Conditions in San Antonio, Texas, 1900-1947. The Southwestern Social Science Quarterly, 34(3), 60–76.

Strach, P., & Sullivan, K. 2015. Dirty Politics: Public Employees, Private Contractors, and the Development of Nineteenth-Century Trash Collection in Pittsburgh and New Orleans. Social Science History, 39(3), 387–407.

U.S. Department of the Interior. n.d. Dr. Kilmer’s medicine bottle (U.S. National Park Service). National Parks Service. 

Waller, John. 2014. Health and Wellness in 19th-Century America. Health and Wellness in Daily Life. Greenwood, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC.,ip,uid&db=cat00309a&AN=trinity.b2518038&site=eds-live.

Wood, Karl E. . 2012. Health and Hazard: Spa Culture and the Social History of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.,ip,uid&db=nlebk&AN=531983&site=eds-live.

Worthen, D. B. 2005. Wish you were here: Pharmacy museum, weimar, texas. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, 9(1), 50-52. Retrieved from,make%20the%20watch%20more%20durable

Owens-Illinois Glass Company - Society for Historical Archaeology (

The Present Situation in Illinois (

Forman-Brunell, Miriam. Made to play house: Dolls and the commercialization of American girlhood, 1830-1930. Yale University Press, 1993.

Lewis, Beatrice E. “ANTIQUE TOYS: VESTIGES OF CHILDHOODS PAST.” Children’s Environments Quarterly 1, no. 1 (1984): 3–6.

Elderkin, Kate McK. “Jointed Dolls in Antiquity.” American Journal of Archaeology 34, no. 4 (1930): 455–79. 

Duffy, J. (1968). Yellow fever in the continental United States during the nineteenth century. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 44(6), 687. 

Lima, Tania Andrade. “The Dark Side of Toys in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.” Historical Archaeology 46, no. 3 (2012): 63–78.

Figler, J. (2016). BISQUE DOLLS. (cover story). Antique Shoppe Newspaper, 29(5), 1–5.